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Nephrology-Hypertension Associates of Central Jersey, PA
NHAPractice InfoChronic Kidney DiseaseDialysis/End Stage Renal DiseaseHypertensionStonesProviders' PagePORTAL


Useful Terminology

Aldosterone- adrenal hormone produced in response to volume and blood pressure factors in the kidney

Creatinine- breakdown product of muscle metabolism used as a marker of kidney function along with the BUN

Bicarbonate- major buffer in the blood stream involved with acid-base control, often lower in acidosis, higher in alkalosis

creatinine clearance- a measure of kidney filtration function,  similar to the eGFR

Electrolytes- sodium, potassium, etc

Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)- parameter of kidney function often approximated by creatinine clearance; akin to functional horsepower of the kidney

Glomerulus- filtering part of the one million microscopic functional units (nephrons) of each kidney

Glomerulonephritis- an inflammatory condition affecting the kidney tubules and filtering units often associated with significant loss of protein in the urine (proteinuria) and decreasing kidney function

Hypertension- high blood pressure which may be defined as constant readings over 135/85

Nephritis- nonspecific inflammation or irritation of the kidney involving the tubules

Nephrosclerosis- chronic scarring of the kidneys

Nephropathy- pertaining to a disease of the kidney

Potassium- (K) mineral component of blood and bodily fluids tightly controlled by the kidneys

Phosphate- component of bones and fluids controlled by kidney function and parathyroid glands important in energy metabolism

Calcium- mineral important in the functioning of cells and the main component of bone tightly regulated by the parathyroid glands and kidney function

Renal- pertaining to the kidneys

Renovascular- pertaining to the blood vessels of the kidney

Sodium- (Na) major mineral component of blood and body fluid involved in volume and blood pressure control

Nephrology-Hypertension Associates of Central Jersey, PA

8 Old Bridge Turnpike
Suite 7
South River, New Jersey 08882
Voice: 732-390-4888
Fax: 732-390-0255

901 West Main Street
Ambulatory Campus Suite 363A
Freehold, New Jersey 07728
Voice: 732-390-4888
Fax: 732-390-0255